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 Anatolian Turkish Rugs

 The Craft of Weaving Rugs
   Dyes
   Motifs
   Carper Care
The Craft of Weaving Rugs

A rug is a handicraft which consist of two parts: the skeleton of the rug, which is formed by vertical and horizontal threads called "warps" and "wefts" and the part which resembles a picture and is like velvet, which is called the "pile" of the rug, made by knotting different colors of thread. In order to form motifs, there are two knotting techniques:

1 - Symmetrical knotting, double or Turkish knotting. Each knot is made on two warps. In this form of knotting, each end of the pile thread is wrapped all the way around the two warps, pulled down an cut.

2 - Non-symmetrical or single (Persian) knotting. While one end of the thread is wrapped all the
wary around the warp, the other end goes just beside the other warp. Then both ends are pulled down and cut.
  

The steps for weaving a carpet are written below.

1. The weaving is started from the bottom of the loom. First the kilim part (flat woven part) is woven at the lower edge.

2. The weaver then takes a piece of wool which corresponds with the pattern and forms a knot on two warps.

3. Then she cuts the surplus wool with a knife.

4. After one row of knotting is completed, she then passes a weft thread in between the front and back warps. The weft threads are used to strengthen the weaves of the carpet.

5. Then she will take the " kirkit" (a comb like tool) and vigorously beat down the row of knots and weft, in order to obtain the desired tightness and to make the knots and weft compact.

6. Following this step, with a pair of adjustable scissors she cuts the surplus colored threads to obtain a uniform level of pile thickness.

7. This process is continued until the carpet is complete